Ukase 19.044. of 1799 concerning the establishment of Hereditary Commanderies.
Source: Polnoe Sobranie Zakonov Volume 30 page 733 - The British Library Ref: SN142 (1799)
Translation © British Association of the Russian Grand Priory of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.

19.044. July 21. Regulations ratified by the Sovereign  for the establishment of Ancestral Commanderies of Jus Patronatus in Russia.

Article I. For the establishment of an Ancestral Commandery, it is necessary to request in advance the consent of His Imperial Majesty the Most Exalted Grand Master.

Article II. The Individual, for whom a Commandery is being established, is obligated to present documentary proof of Nobility required of Knights, and to pay the usual monies for admission in accordance with his age.

Article III. The Founder of an Ancestral Commandery may extend the right to all branches or generations of his lineage, indicating the order in which they are to succeed one another. Moreover, in the Deed by which the Commandery is established, the Founder may also name two other families which are obligated to present the same proofs of their Nobility as the very family of the Founder.

Article IV. The hereditary right to such a Commandery shall never pass to any lineages other than those named in the Deed by which the commandery is established and who will therefore have tendered the requisite proof of their nobility. When these lineages terminate, such a Commandery becomes one of those which descend by seniority.

Article V. In order to obtain a Commandery it was necessary, according to the ancient Statues of the Order, to remain on Malta for five years, where no one younger than 15 years of age was admitted, and to participate in a caravan for a span of two years, and caravans could not begin earlier than upon the candidate reaching 20 years of age, so that a Knight could not obtain and enjoy the rights and privileges of a Commander before reaching the age of 22. Inasmuch as Ancestral Commanders, in accordance with the Statues of the Order, are subject to the very same obligations as are Commanders by seniority, not one of those designated to inherit an Ancestral Commandery may enter into the rights of such before he shall have satisfied all the requirements thereof; with respect thereto, he must:
1) Prove that it is he, specifically, who is the one who is designated to inherit the commandery according to the rules stipulated in the Deed.
2) be admitted in accordance with the regulations, having paid for admission in the usual manner, but without having made new proofs of Nobility, for it is supposed that his lineage has already been presented upon the establishment of the commandery.
3) Possess at least 5 years seniority in the Order, replacing those 5 years which he would otherwise have been required to spend on Malta.
NB. The seniority of a candidate will begin from the day on which he proves his legal and direct patrilineal descent from the founder and when he has paid the tariff for admission.
4) Serve for at least two years in the military service of His Imperial Majesty and attain an Officer's rank, which the requirement replaces the prescribed one of the caravans.

Article VI. the two-year period of military service shall not begin before 15 years of age is reached. After the expiration of this period and the fulfilment of the requirements of points 1 and 2 of the preceding Article, anyone who has a claim to the Ancestral Commandery, has the right to wear the Knight's Cross and to enjoy the privileges attached to this title. After he attains 22 years of age he receives the rank of Commander and the income from his Ancestral Commandery.

Article VII. If an Ancestral Commandery become vacant and there is no-one from the lineages found, who has been correctly admitted and who has had - in accordance with Article 5 of the Regulations - 5 years of seniority in the Order and 2 years of seniority of military service, then all income from the commandery shall revert to the general treasury of the Order.

Article VIII. Each Founder of an Ancestral Commandery who has already attained 22 years of age is relieved of the obligation to satisfy the requirements stipulated in Article 5, with the sole exception of the contribution of the usual 1,200 roubles for his admission and the proof of his noble lineage, as soon as he fulfils these two obligations, he receives the Commander's Cross and enjoys, in accordance with his seniority, all the privileges attached to this title.

Article IX. The exception made by the previous Article for the benefit of the founder does not extend to his heirs, not one of which may succeed to the Commandery once it has been vacated, without having attained the age of 22 as well as having fulfilled all the requirements of Article 5 of these Regulations.

Article X. A Founder, establishing an Ancestral Commandery for his son or for another minor pays only 10 percent of the Responcia or tariff from the annual income of the Commandery until the one for whom it has been established reaches the age of 22; if however, upon the attainment of such age, the designated recipient has neglected to fulfil the requirements of Article 5 (of the above regulations): then the entire income of the Commandery shall be assigned to the general treasury of the Order, until he himself, or another of the designated heirs, shall by satisfying the requirements stipulated above, make himself worthy thereby of receiving the Commandery.

Article XI. In the Ancestral Commanderies which have belonged exclusively to members of lineages designated in the Deed by which the Commanderies were established and by the Constitution of the Order, and which have always permitted the existence of more than one Commandery at the same time, every heir or other person having the right to the Ancestral Commandery may, by payment for admission in accordance with his age, obtain a place among the Knights by right of Nobility and acquire a Commandery by seniority, which shall not prevent his succession by right of inheritance to the Commandery when such shall become vacant.

Article XII. The landed property required for the establishment of an Ancestral Commandery must bring at least 3,000 roubles of true income, from which, as previously, a 10 percent Responcia are paid annually.

Article XIII. Upon any transference in Ancestral Commanderies, these shall make the same payments as do Commanderies which succeed by seniority when the latter are transferred either after escheat or upon their being vacated; that is, two years' full income.

Article XIV. Ancestral Commanders, who have already been admitted and who wish to be subject to all the stipulations of the present Regulations, may enjoy the same rights, benefits, privileges attached to the title of Commander by right of Nobility and seniority as those who shall be admitted in future.

Created 18th July 2001

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